Increasing your knowledge of the aquatic lifestyle is never a wrong idea. It is said that knowledge is power and learning new things is never a waste of time. So, on this page, we will share with you some aquatic plants you need to know.
Some, you might get to recognize them whenever you see them, but you might find it hard to know their name. So, this is all we will cover on this page.
What are aquatic plants?
If you are familiar with the aquatic lifestyle, you will be familiar with the two environments known as saltwater and freshwater. Any plant with the adaptive nature of living in the two environments is known to be an aquatic plant.
So, let’s check out some of the plants below:
1. Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
The water Hyacinth is an aquatic plant, and it is native to the Amazon basin. It is known to be a problematic invasive species outside its native range. It grows on glowing water and sometimes slows the water flow or conceals it to the point you can barely see the water.
It is one of the fastest-growing plants ever known as it reproduces quickly and often clogs flowing streams. The plant has leafstalk spongy and inflated, while the upper lobes of the purple flowers have yellow and blue markings.
2. Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)
Water lettuce is also known as Pistia stratiotes, and it is of the family of Araceae. It is a perennial evergreen plant that forms large floating colonies in any aquatic environment, and it tends to be invasive when left unchecked.
It is commonly found in slow-moving waters drainage ditches, lakes, canals, ponds, or any water area from 0 to 30 feet deep. It is distinct in its color and looks as its spongy foliage is light green to gray-green. It is a stubborn plant, and that can trace down to its floating root, which has a structure that can grow up to 20 inches n length while the plant itself covers a three by 12-foot area.
3. Sensitive Plant (Neptunia Aquatica)
A sensitive plant, otherwise known as Neptunia Aquatica, is a floating tropical plant mainly on water surfaces. It produces small, yellow flowers on the leafy fronds of foliage. It belongs to the family of plants like legumes, and it is beneficial to other pond plants through the addition of nitrogen back to the pond.
The aquatic pond plant grows from steam, and due to its structure, it becomes a cover or shield for fish, thereby helping eliminate algae as they compete for the same nutrients in the water.
4. Lucky 4-Leaf Clover (Marsilea mutica)
Lucky 4 leaf clover is also one of the aquatic plants that you should know. The plant looks like ferns but doesn’t resemble common ferns. It is also known as Marsilea, which is of the family of Marsileaceae. The name honors an Italian naturalist known as Luigi Ferdinando Marsili.
The plant has an unusual appearance, and it is also called water clover because of the long-stalked leaves, which have four clover-like lobes, and it is either above the water or submerged. It is said that the clover brings good luck.
5. Moneywort (Bacopa monnieri)
Moneywort is one of the popular plants you will find in an aquarium because of its bright green coloration. It survives under moderate lighting and nutrient-rich water. The plant will overgrow, and it is FDA approved, which means it can be used as an herb to improve cognition and brain health.
The plant doesn’t require much care to thrive. All it needs is a nutrient environment with moderate lighting as it will grow slowly under low lighting. The plant responds significantly to CO2, and it can easily be trimmed to avoid overgrowth.
6. Mosaic Flower (Ludwigia divides)
The mosaic flower is also known as floating Ludwigia, and it is a beautiful plant primarily found in freshwater or ponds. The plant can easily thrive and survive in a tank, which is why it is considered for aquarium.
The plant has striking foliage, and it has bold red leaves. It also can vary in different color tones, which makes it highly attractive. It will always glow under lighting.
7. Water Poppy (Hydrocleys nympho rides)
The water poppy plant is a floating perennial aquatic plant that is native to central and south America. The plant is known for its production of flat leaves with a glossy texture. It has its yellow flowers that spring forth from the mass foliage whenever the temperatures reach at least 70 F. The plant thus produces flowers throughout summer.
8. Red Star Ludwigia (Ludwigia glandulosa)
The red star plant is one of the attractive aquatic plants you will find floating on water. It is known for its deep red coloration, which makes it distinct from other plants. It can easily be planted in the substrate, and if care is not taken, the stem can grow to an excessive length but can be trimmed.
The plant is known for keeping its base in the water and then form a carpet of reddish-purple foliage on the surface of the water.
9. Red Parrots Feather Dwarf (Myriophyllum spp)
The Red Parrots Feather Dwarf is a floating pond plant that is known for its versatile ability. It is best for aquariums, ponds, terrariums, and many more. It is beautiful, and it is easy and effortless to handle. It requires less care to survive. The plant can easily thrive under a wide pH range and also under moderate lighting.
10. Fairy Moss (Azolla filiculoides)
Fairy moss is a pond plant that can be grown indoor. It is best for beautification, and it doesn’t need much attention to keep the plant in good condition. It is a member of the family Azollaceae in Tasmania. It is widespread in Tasmania’s aquatic environment.
The plant is mainly seen behind farm dams and any still water bodies. It is small in size and can float on the water quickly. If given enough space, it can form a large mat.
11.Emergent Aquatic Plant: Flowering Rush
The flowering rush is one of the perennial aquatic plants that are common in Asia and Europe. The plant can easily be spotted along lakes and river shores as an emergent plant. It is rooted in the bottom of the lake while the stems and leaves grow above the water’s surface.
12.Submerged Aquatic Plant: Myriophyllum Spicatum
The Submerged Aquatic Plant is an invasive plant with a weed characteristic. It can be traced down to South Africa, UK, and Canada. It is known to grow in slow-moving water. It can grow very fast and crowd out some native plants, thereby creating a dense mat.
13.Floating Leaved Aquatic Plant: Water Lily
There are few jewels of the aquatic world, and the water lily is one of them. It is a family of flowing plants, and they mostly live as rhizomatous aquatic herbs in temperate and tropical climates. The plant is symbolic in both modern and ancient times.
Many of the plants are so easy to grow, and it is attractive with good fragrant. The plant is best planted during spring. The plant can grow indoor, but it grows very well outdoor because of the exposure to light and sufficient water.
14.Free Floating Aquatic Plant: Water Cabbage
Water cabbage can be used for different kinds of plants, and one of them is pistia. Pistia is known to be a perennial aquatic plant that belongs to the family of Araceae. The Pistia stratiotes are mostly called water cabbage or water lettuce.
The plant was first discovered in the Nile near Lake Victoria in Africa. It is an invasive species, and it forms a suitable habitat for mosquitoes. It grows naturally or through the human introduction and can be seen floating on any slow-moving water.
15. White Lotus
The white lotus is also a flowering plant that has an attractive appearance. It is a member of the family of Nymphaeaceae. The plant was introduced into western cultivation in 1802 by Loddiges Nursery, and it grows in various parts of east Africa and southern Asia.
The plant has pads that float on the water and grows to 45 cm in height. It has a bright white color and is sometimes tinged with pink.
16. Yellow Skunk Cabbage
The yellow Skunk cabbage is of Arum’s family, and it can easily be found in swamps and wet woods or any damp areas of the pacific northwest. It is called the yellow Skunk cabbage in the UK, while Americans call it American skunk cabbage. The perennial wildflower spouts early in the spring.
17. Victoria Amazonica
The plant is of the flowering plant species, and it is known to be the largest of the water lily family called Nymphaeaceae. Its first discovery was in 1801 in Bolivia, and it is indigenous to the Amazon River basin’s shallow waters.
The plant has large leaves up to 10 feet, and it can easily be seen floating on water with a submerged stalk of about 26 feet long. The plant is not a food to the herbivorous fish because it has sharp spines at the back of the flower that keeps fishes away.
The Nymphoidesis an aquatic perennial plant that is bottom rooted with a floating leaf. The plant can quickly grow in dense mats and reproduce through sexual means and vegetative. The thick mats from the plant have cause lots of negative impacts on the environment, including reducing biodiversity, displacing native species, impeding recreational activities, and decreasing water quality.
The Nelumbo is known as the Rose of India and the sacred lily water of Buddhism and Hinduism. It is a perennial water plant that grows from a tuberous rootstock lying in the mud at the bottom of ponds and lakes. The production of its large leaves can be seen on the water’s surface as they float effortlessly.
The plant has a history with the medical world as it is often cultivated for food and medicine. It can also be seen in the market from those selling vegetables.
The Duckweeds is a Flowering aquatic plant, and it is a sub-family of Lemnoideae. The plant floats on water and can also be seen beneath the surface of still or slow-moving freshwaters. It is common wherever there are wetlands.
The plants possess lots of water, and so it is easily perishable whenever it is harvested. It can adapt to a wide variety of geographical and climate zones. So, you can’t find them growing in an area without water.
21. Creeping Jenny Pond Plants
The creeping jenny is known to be a famous British native creeping plant that is common in ponds or bog gardens. The plant is known to be distinct with its rounded yellow flowers from June to September. Whenever you find the plant, you see the leaves floating on the water or creeps along the ground.
22. Horsetail Pond Plants
Horsetail is known for its wide range of medicinal usage. Ancient Rome and Greece are being used to treat ulcers, Kidney Issues, and wounds. The plant is common in Europe, and it is also called Horse bristle. For those who own a garden, adding the plant to your collection is never a bad idea.
23. Taro Pond Plants
The Taro Pond Plants is not strange to people living in Central and South America as its tuber is being used for food. The plant can be grown at the edges of ponds or wet areas. It needs a bit of depth of water to thrive so that the leaves can float on water.
24. Mosaic Plant
The mosaic plant is an actual annual or tropical plant that is typically grown as a houseplant. It only needs warm water to grow properly, and it can spread with delicate veined and deep green leaves.
25. Pickerel Pond Plants
Pickerel Pond Plants are closely related to grasses because of their appearance. It belongs to the family of Pontederia, and it is maned after a botany profession of the 18th century. The plant can quickly grow in clumps with thick to flat stems.
The plant prevents the growth of algae on the water as its floating leaves offer essential shade. Also, the plant forms a network of foliage in which fish can hide for safety.
26. Peacock Moss
The peacock is among the family of aquatic mosses. It is known to have a blue-green coloration and a tidy growth pattern similar to a miniature pine tree. The plant is attractive with its color; it grows slowly, requiring less work for maintenance. The plant is suitable for aquariums, and it needs cool water with low light to thrive.
27. Lemon Bacopa (BACOPA CAROLINIANA ‘LEMON BACOPA’)
The Lemon Bacopa is a slow-growing stem plant that has a tiny purple flower. Whenever the plant’s leaves are crushed, it gives a lemon scent which is where its name originates from. It requires little lighting and clean water to thrive, which is why it is suitable for aquariums.
28. Banana Plant (Nymphoides Aquatica)
The banana plant prefers moderate lighting to survive. The exposure to adequate lighting will create more underwater foliage with its attractive purplish-red shade, and then it will keep up with lily pad leaves if exposed to a low-light aquarium.
29. Coffee leaf anubias
The Coffee leaf anubias is known to be a plant with oblong rippled leaves that spread out widely from the plant. The young leaves of the plant have a brown color and can quickly transform into dark green. The plant grows slowly, and if you desire to plant it in your garden, it should not be implanted into the substrate because if you do so, you are likely to kill the plant.
30. African Water Fern
The African Water Fern is a robust plant with an abundance of long stalks. It has dark green leaves, and they grow slowly. It grows naturally and also requires considerable or moderate lighting to survive.
There are a lot of mysteries about the aquatic lifestyle. There are unique plants and animals that you have no idea of their existence, and here on this page, we have done our best to share with you some of the aquatic plants you need to know.